Avena sativa

  • Common oat
  • Oat plant
  • Oatstraw
  • Oats Milky Seed
  • Wild Oats
  • Cultivated Oats
  • Groats

Tags

Avena sativa is a annual, edible plant of the Poaceae family.

Temperature

Hardiness

0a12b
2a

−45.6 °C to −42.8 °C

Plant hardiness is a geographically defined area in which a plant is capable of growing. It's defined by climatic conditions, including its ability to withstand the minimum temperatures of the zone. For example, a plant that is described as "hardy to zone 10" means that the plant can withstand a minimum temperature of −1 °C (30 °F).

The extremes of winter cold are a major determinant of whether a plant species can be cultivated outdoors at a particular location; however, the USDA hardiness zones have a number of drawbacks if used without supplementary information. The zones do not incorporate summer heat levels into the zone determination; thus sites which may have the same mean winter minima, but markedly different summer temperatures, will be accorded the same hardiness zone.

Space

Dimensions

Avena sativa can grow from 0.6m to 1.2mm tall
0.6m to 1.2m
Slice 1 Created with Sketch.

Sun

Optimal
Full
Shading
cannot grow in the shade

Soil

Type
Loam

Appearance

Bearing Habit
Clump-Forming
Foliage Habit
non-auriculate, sheaths rounded on the back; ligules blunt, membranous
Foliage Texture
Fine

Water

Optimal
Average Water

Uses

Food
Used as a cereal, it is probably best known as the breakfast cereal porridge but it can also be used in many other ways. The seed can be sprouted and used in salads, the grain can also be ground into a flour and used in making biscuits, sourdough etc
Medicine
Whilst used mainly as a food, oat grain does also have medicinal properties. In particular oats are a nutritious food that gently restores vigour after debilitating illnesses, helps lower cholesterol levels in the blood and also increases stamina. The seed is a mealy nutritive herb that is antispasmodic, cardiac, diuretic, emollient, nervine and stimulant. The seed contains the antitumor compound b-sitosterol and has been used as a folk remedy for tumours. A gruel made from the ground seed is used as a mild nutritious aliment in inflammatory cases, fevers and after parturition.

Animals

Disease Susceptibility
Bacterial Blight
Several Fungus infections such as Anthracnose, Barley yellow dwarf, Crown rust

Danger

Poisonous
Oats (Avena sativa) can cause nitrate toxicity in livestock. Cattle are more prone to toxicity, but swine and turkeys have been poisoned on oat stubble.
Lacerations
Not sharp, Has no Thorns

Time

Seed
Spring time
Germination
2 weeks from seeding
Flower
It is in flower from Jun to July

Reproduction

Propagation Methods
Seed
Ploidy
hexaploid

Scent

Flower Fragrance
none

Location

Native Country
Ethiopia