Sambucus nigra

Species

  • Elder
  • Elderberry
  • Blue elderberry
  • Black elder
  • Sambucus mexicana
  • Sambucus caerulea
  • Sambucus cerulea
  • Common elder
  • Sambucus aurea
  • Bourtree

Tags

Sambucus nigra, otherwise known as elder, is a perennials, trees plant species native to Maryland.

Children

Browse this taxon's child families or species

Appearance

Bloom color
white
lightYellow
white
white
white
mintCream
tan
white
Foliage
Deciduous
Deciduous
Aromatic
Deciduous
Deciduous

Space

Dimensions

Sambucus nigra can grow from 2.4m to 9mm tall
2.4m to 9m
Spacing
3
3.6
3
4.7
1.8
2.4
3.6
9

Sun

Optimal
Full
Full
Full
Partial
Full
Partial
Dispersed
Full
Partial

Water

Optimal
Mesic
Wet
Mesic
Wet
Mesic

Soil

Soil PH Requirements
6.1
7.8
6.1
8.5

Time

Bloom
Late Spring
Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Spring
Early Summer
Mid Spring
Late Spring
Early Summer
Mid Summer
Mid Spring
Late Spring
Early Summer
Blooming Habit
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Reproduction

Seed Collecting
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Meta

Patent information
From hardwood cuttings
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
From seed; direct sow after last frost
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From hardwood cuttings
From hardwood heel cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel
From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season